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Running head: Social Solidarity and Anomie1Social Solidarity and AnomieSteven T. FletcherSOCI215American Public UniversityProfessor Lori Kelley
Social Solidarity and Anomie2Social Solidarity and AnomieThroughout history we have seen change after change when it comes to the division of labor. What I mean by this is that we’ve come from a divided labor force where it was socially unacceptable, sometimes even legally unacceptable, for certain races or gender to work together or even co-exist. Today, we see the change, all races, gender, religious background, are acceptable in the work place and in society. This brings me to division of labor by Emile Durkheim. Emile Durkheim was a French sociologist who, during his time, studied the division oflabor in society. Durkheim wanted to answer the questions of what exactly holds society togetherand how society was formed. Today, we still study Durkheim’s theories and answering the questions he set out to answer. To understand what it that we are studying, we must first look in to what social solidarity is. Social solidarity is how we are held together as a society, it is how we are dependent on one another. According to our text, “society should have a division of labor so that people can occupy the positions for which they qualify based on their abilities and training. Conversely, society should not force people into positions for which they are either underqualified or overqualified.” (Ritzer, 2011). It is important to note this because we see it all too often today where people are forced to work a position that they cannot work in. For example, the Army usesa rank structure to determine what position you would fill. In a regular unit, a Sergeant would be a team leader, a Staff Sergeant would be a squad leader, a Sergeant First Class would be a platoonsergeant, so on and so forth. We work in our positions based on our rank, not necessarily our skill set but we are expected to be knowledgeable at that level.Social solidarity is nearly identical to what division of labor is. According to Durkheim, the division of labor pulls people together and makes them dependent on one another (Ritzer,
Social Solidarity and Anomie32011), which in turn is more valuable because it also helps establish relationships. In his studies, he found that in past societies, collective conscience is what held the society together. Collective conscience is the sociological concept that discusses beliefs that are shared to society. (Cole, N.L.,2017). An example of a shared belief in society is gender equality in the work place or equal pay. It is important to study division of labor because it helps us come up with ideas of how we can improve as a society or even give us ideas of what is going wrong so that we know how to repair whatever it is that is effecting society.