Quiz 1 - ANTH 203 Quiz 1 (22/09/08) CHAPTER 1, 3, 17-...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
ANTH 203 Quiz 1 (22/09/08) CHAPTER 1, 3, 17- ARCHAEOLOGY H ISTORY Archaeology The systematic study of the human past, of the material remains resulting from human behaviour , and the techniques used to describe and explain the past Relevancy Archaeologists have helped to develop places of great interest to tourists, bringing much needed moneys to parts of the developing world. Ecotourism is a growing aspect of globalization and archaeology provides one of its attractive cornerstones. Archaeology’s "deep time" perspective helps us to understand the ultimate, rather than the proximate, causes of the collapse of social and ecological systems Development of archaeology The first recorded excavation by King Nabonidus of Babylon showed that the past is knowable through the investigation of the archaeological record no excavations of this nature known in the following 2000 years as a formal discipline is little more than 100 years old, Renaissance provided roots for anthropology and archaeology Prior to 1800 Pre-scientific pursuit Collecting of artifacts as curiosities
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
little attempt to understand societies Explanations derived from biblical theology and scripture Antiquarian endeavours split in two 1. Culminating in classical archaeology 2.taking a natural historians approach Church and archaeology Archbishop James Ussher - the world was created in 4004 B.C. (±) Dr. John Lightfoot - at 9:00 a.m., October 23, 4004 B.C. (±) There is argument about these dates, but not that the world was young But, Geology espoused the concept of ‘Deep Time’ - that the world was much older than 4004 BC. And, what about the stone tools that were appearing in river and quarry deposits? Theories for explaining strata o Catastrophism o Uniformalism Ideas of Time Christian Jörgensen Thomsen was appointed first director of the new National Museum of Denmark in 1819. He established the chronological foundation for Old World archaeology with his three-age system of stone, bronze, and iron. Pre 1900
Background image of page 2
1. the growing adoption of the scientific approach to archaeological data, 2. an initial synthesis of prehistoric events in the Three Age System, (Stone, Bronze, Iron) and 3. the realization of the geological antiquity of human culture. We have the publishing of Darwin's work This led to the amalgamation of two fundamental concepts the concept of culture, from anthropology,and the notions of biological evolution and adaptive efficiency This period saw the emergence of antiquarian studies distinguished from history and natural science. Several basic tenets of scientific archaeology emerged during this period. principles of stratigraphic excavation,
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 10/01/2008 for the course ANTH 203 taught by Professor Chrisom during the Spring '08 term at The University of British Columbia.

Page1 / 24

Quiz 1 - ANTH 203 Quiz 1 (22/09/08) CHAPTER 1, 3, 17-...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online