Exam RV - Cities in general - Industrial Revo: caused peop...

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Cities – in general - Industrial Revo : caused peop to collect in places: large ind. metropolises (NYC 1mil 1860) - Engels : condition of city workers - E. Howard : Planning origins: solution to crowding is to move people out - Jacob Riis : Photographer: How the Other Half Lives : raise awareness - Jane Addams : Hull House (Chicago): Settlement housing: teach English, help poor - Chicago Plan : 1909 - 1920 : ½ peop in US live in urban areas: began to study cities systematically - Systematic Planning begins in NY 1926 - Chicago School 1920-30: sent out students to study cities Pre-ind. period of early development - Before 1840 most places in world = rural - 1 st cities established for protection against foreign invasion (walls) & taxes - Capitals & ports (Amsterdam) grew - Setback: lots of diseases pre-ind period: Black Plague : bad sanitation & easy spread when lots people concentrated together - People attached to rural land: no movt: also controlled by landowners - 16/17 th cent: enclosure began to break down: ownership of land got challenged (Robin Hood!), people began to leave to town - Growth of cities connected to growth of political pwr: consolidating resources - 16-18 th cent: Baroque cities : large open spaces for army to march & take charge (Paris, London) - 17 th -19 th cent: mercantile cities began in Eng & Holland: Amsterdam international trade, Dutch development, wealthy merchants - 19 th cent: Industrialization : wheels, textile (Amsterdam: useless): ind. cities located @ pwr sources (river, accessible to port) - 1870s: Watt: Steam engine - Shift of control to factory owners 18 th cent, peop drawn to cities, but BAD living conditions - In factory system there’s no humanity: thus Big change: change in life organization (long work hours, notion of time changes, clocks, time important, live close to work) - 1870: Pullman : town made fancy train cars: factory towns: peop didn’t get $, only company scripts: abuse of system - 1722: Boston Common : public ground, mercantile city, international trade - Chicago : port + ind. city + transportation center + merchandise center: city divided into standard grid plan - Late 19 th cent: 1 st plans for suburb: Riverside Growth of Cities/Poverty & Progress - City = city of population larger & more imp than town/village - Urban: Of, in, constituting a city/town w/ at least 2500 inhabitants (US) - Before 1950: railroads - Progressive era: 1890 – 1915: new analysis of historical sources of interest opened up: immigrant groups, voluntary association
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- “Poverty & Progress”: people believe if they work hard, children will get better lives: NOT TRUE Spatial Issues (geographers) - Systematic: relative sizes, central place theory, demographics - Reginal questions/Intra-urban: residential structure/commercial/ind. structure, urban problems - Zones (circles w/ downtown inside, then ind, working housing, suburbs) vs. Sectors (straight lines) vs. Multiple nuclei model (interstate freeway, meeting points) vs. Culture
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This note was uploaded on 10/01/2008 for the course URBS 1001 taught by Professor Judy during the Fall '06 term at Minnesota.

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Exam RV - Cities in general - Industrial Revo: caused peop...

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