Motherboard Parts and Functions.pdf

Motherboard Parts and Functions.pdf - Motherboard Study...

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Motherboard Study Guide By the time you are finished with this study unit you will have gained quite a bit of knowledge, become very familiar with how a computer works, and understand how the motherboard is the main factor in determining the computers performance and abilities. Please be patient while this study units page loads. (This study unit is a large file and will take a while to download with slower Internet connections.) Some images can be viewed by clicking on them to a larger format for clarity. | BACK TO CONTENTS | What is a Motherboard? Naming Convention: Motherboard, Mainboard, System Board. The name Motherboard is used in this study unit, however you need to be familiar with the knowledge that the three names above are all the same thing. The motherboard is likened to the mother of the PC (Personal Computer), or caretaker/controller/holder/connection point of everything needed to run a PC. The motherboard is the main PCB (Printed Circuit Board) in a PC that enables the integration and control of all other components and devices in a complete computer system. A motherboard can be compared to a large city with many neighborhoods, individual stores and shopping centers, storage companies, repair shops, banks, etc. The motherboard has a built in transportation system, just as a city has connected streets, roads and highways that are used for transportation. Data and information is transported on a motherboard, via the bus, which can have numerous components branching into its roadways. In a city, we have traffic lights, stop signs and other ways of controlling vehicles and people who use the transportation system to get from place to place. If we did not incorporate ways to control traffic, we could get lost, end up with traffic jams, accidents, or other undesirable misfortunes. The motherboard incorporates a similar system to keep data and information flowing smoothly to its correct designation, and hopefully without error. (Also see BUS below.) Usually, when you purchase a motherboard it will already contain the CPU, memory, BIOS and basic controllers that are needed for the system to operate. Some of these components can be upgraded as newer technologies evolve, but only to a point. It is better to purchase a new motherboard if you are considering a major upgrade for improved and faster performance. Note: Not all CPU's, memory, BIOS, etc, will work in all motherboards. In fact, motherboards are built and designed with a limited range of specific components that can be used in them, which are dependent upon the manufacturers design. | BACK TO CONTENTS | What does a Motherboard look like?
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Pictured here is a typical Pentium-class 430HX- chipset motherboard (Asus P55T2P4) , which is labeled for identifying parts. Although this is an older board, it contains most of the components and technologies that have been used, and that are studied in this lesson.
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