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08 - pro - 8 pro ling-08-Audio.mp4 PRO-a p John spoke He...

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2/11/08 - pro ling404-02-11-08-Audio.mp4 PRO [-a, +p] John spoke. He spoke. *spoke. Italian: (Gianni) ha parlato. Empty pronominal element. John i said [that he i spoke.] Gianni i ha detto che e i parlato pro <Gianni,pro> cannot form a chain. wh-trace NP-trace (i) What are the licensing conditions for the occurrence of pro ? (ii) Identification: How is the content of pro to be determined? parlo speak parli speak parla speak parliamo speak porlate speak parlamo speak You can identify the content of pro by looking at the features that are associated with the verb. Rizzi (1986): pro-drop parameter – allows pro subjects (i) pro is governed by X y 0 -> I tensed 8-1 8
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(ii) If X licenses pro, then pro has the same generated features as X. Empirical Problems: (i) There are languages with rich inflection that don’t permit pro. (ii) There are some languages with no inflection at all that do permit pro. (1984): pro is possible either in languages with rich inflection or in languages with no inflection at all.
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