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National Origins Act

National Origins Act - National Origins Act It was an anti...

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National Origins Act: It was an anti – immigration legislation. Hostility against immigration had been growing since the late 19 th century. Many people felt that US was bring swapped by undesirable immigrants. The opstition to immigration had been growing since W2 (nativisim) In 1924 congress passed the national congress act which reduced the number of immigrants each year to 150000. It also established a quota system that favored western and northern Europe who received 85% of the quotas. It essentially ended immigration from south and estern Europe and outlawed immigration from east asia. Although it did still allow un restricted immigration from countries in the Americas. This act remained enforced till the 1960s where the number of immigrants was raised up to 500000 and equal distribution of quotas. The New Economy: In the 1920s, Americans experienced unparallel prosperity. The country was booming. The GNP sored from 70 billion in 1922 to 100 billion dollars in 1929. It is estimated that 40% of the world total wealth laid in American hands during the 1920s. This was caused by the increase of efficiency of production. They were able to make things better and faster and cheaper. This was due to 3 factoes: - wide spread use for electricity. The US produced more electricity than the whole world combined - the mechanization of industry as machinery replaced human hands in a growing rate. Industrial output increased without any increase in the labor force. - The use of the assembly line which speeded up production and reduced costs. The Automobile: One industry which was at the heart of the boom was the automobile industry. The 1 st automobile was invented in Germany in the late 19 th century. Americans began making their own automobiles. They would make it in their barns and garages. The 1 st automobile for sale was made in 1895, and by the 1900s the US was producing 4000 cars per year. However they were expensive and not easy to buy or maintain. They were toys for the wealthy. The foundation of the Ford Motor Company was the beginning of revolution. Henry ford wanted to build a reliable car which was inexpensive and the average person could buy it.
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He planned to do this by using the assembly line and produced the Model T. he sold it for 850$.
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