Psych 290-- first unit

Psych 290-- first unit - Psychology 290 page 1 Psychology...

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Psychology 290 Applications of Psychology Mondays from 2:30-5:30 in SSC 2050 January 7, 2008 See the class syllabus to know due dates and what will be covered each class. January 14, 2008 Chapter 1: Applications in Law The Canadian Judy: Selecting 12 Impartial Peers Before we can understand how we can apply psychology to the legal system, we need to know fundamental elements about the Canadian legal system itself. How common are jury trials? Law and Order—assume most are jury trials There are relatively rare. Two types of trials: 1. Civil trails—disputes between citizens and citizens or groups—roommate doesn’t pay rent—breached contract—no universal or basic right to a trial by jury. For many there is no absolute law. It depends on provincial legislation; Civil jury trials are allowed in Ontario—not allowed in Quebec 2. Criminal trails—different from civil trails because they focus on offences against the crown, and the right to the trail by jury IS a constitutional right; “the offence you commit was against the peace of our lady, the Queen, her crown and dignity”—only get a trial if your offences > $2000 (5000) and/or >6 months in prison—stealing a candy bar is not the same as murder—go to page 32 and do the TRY IT to find out which require a jury. What is the role of Juries in our Canadian legal system? Three basic roles— 1. Apply the law as defined by judges 2. Apply this law to the admissible evidence (ignore all inadmissible evidence) 3. Render a unanimous verdict of guilty or not guilty Also they represent the community in which the crime occurred, so it is assumed that their verdict will add legitimacy and public acceptance Serve as the conscience of the community—can guard against laws perceived to be unfair— by refusing to find a defendant guilty is a way to do this—ex. Dr. Henry Morgentaler and abortion laws—juries continually refused to call him guilty for performing an abortion when it was illegal to do so and eventually Canadian law changed so that performing and receiving abortions became legal Characteristics of a GOOD jury Two fundamentally important characteristics: 1. Must be representative of the community in which the crime occurred—should resemble the community (25 years ago they were primarily white men—not representative of the community) a. “Typical” Selection Procedure: i. Obtain a list of people in a community (voter registration, census, local phone book); these people will be called the Jury Pool ii. Randomly choose people from the pool (eg. 100 out of 1000) 1. they make up the Jury Panel or Judy Array Psychology 290 page 1
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iii. Each person on panel Is sent a jury summons (court order to appear for jury duty)—if you do not attend you will be fined up to $5000 and/or imprisonment for up to 6 months—would be charged and would not be allowed a jury yourself (ha ha!) iv. Given a number and you are placed in a room—no talking, eating, drinking, and wait for remainders to show up
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This note was uploaded on 10/02/2008 for the course PSYCH 290 taught by Professor Hazlewood during the Spring '07 term at UWO.

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Psych 290-- first unit - Psychology 290 page 1 Psychology...

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