Outline 9 - The Beatles

Outline 9 - The Beatles - Lecture 9 The Beatles The British...

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Lecture 9 The Beatles The British Invasion • Begins February 7, 1964: Beatles land in New York • February 9 on Ed Sullivan Show • Mayhem, otherwise known as “Beatlemania,” ensues The Beatles • Prolific: 13 albums in just 7 years • Radically transformed the sound and meaning of rock: new sounds, structures, seriousness The English Scene • English post-war economic bust: teen gangs, Mods, Rockers • Skiffle: English variety of blues, often using homemade instruments Early Beatles • Beatles began as a skiffle band in 1957 • Gigging in Hamburg (from 1960) and at Liverpool’s Cavern Club (from 1961) • Influences: R&B, Rock ‘n’ Roll, Rockabilly • EX. “Long Tall Sally” • 1961 Brian Epstein becomes manager, changes their image • 1962 Producer George Martin signs them to EMI 1963: England • “She Loves You” is no. 1 in Britain • Beatlemania hit Britain first 1964: America • Capitol’s remarkable ad campaign • EX. “I Want to Hold Your Hand” hits no. 1 in US in January 1964 • Beatles dominated the charts in 1964 • Beatles “good clean fun” 1965: Help • Soundtrack to their second movie • EX. “Yesterday” (with string quartet)
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