psych notes part 8 - Developmental Psychology

psych notes part 8 - Developmental Psychology -...

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Developmental Psychology The first question: What develops? As you can see in chapter 12, there are many types of development: 1. Physical development 2. Cognitive development - Includes such things as: - perceptual development - language development 3. Social development - Includes such things as: - gender development 4. Moral development Life-Span Developmental Psychology Developmental psychology is not just child development. - Very few contemporary psychologists would argue that human development ends right after adolescence. These days, the dominant approach to development is the life-span approach: - The study of development (of all these areas) from infancy to old age. The Kosslyn and Rosenberg text provides some of this: - They discuss very little of “adulthood,” except when they’re talking about aging. - This text says almost nothing of such periods as: - young adulthood; - middle age adulthood.
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Still, this is a trade-off: - This is already a 50-page chapter on human development. - Most of the major areas of development are covered to some extent. - And by far, the time periods covered in the text are the really “hot” periods in terms of developmental research: - infancy and early childhood; - adolescence; - old age. There are courses in each one of these areas here at Maryland. - A lot of them have PSYC 100 as their only prerequisite. And I would like to recommend to all of you, that you take advantage of courses being offered in, for example: - Child Psychology (PSYC 355) - Psych of Adolescence (PSYC 356) - Psych of Adulthood and Aging (PSYC 357) - Life-Span Cognitive Development (PSYC 455) - Research Methods in Developmental Psychology (PSYC 456) - Cultural Context of Psychological Development (PSYC 457) - Applied Developmental Psychology (PSYC 458) Big Questions In general, there are certain questions that are asked about any type of human development, whether we’re considering cognitive development, perceptual development, language development, social development, gender development, moral development, or any other kind of development.
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Some of the big questions that ground developmental research: 1. Nature-Nurture - heredity - environment - heredity x environment - Related question: How much can we understand of the child as an isolated individual? - Another related question: How much can the structure of the world predict patterns of development? 2. Critical periods, etc. - can be subsumed under “nature-nurture” - Critical Period = an optimal period, during which certain events must take place for proper development to occur. - The events are environmental influences (i.e., experiences). 3. Continuity vs. discontinuity - gradual (quantitative) change - (qualitatively different) stages 4. Stability vs. change - Are our characteristics (for example, our intelligence) consistent as we age?
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This note was uploaded on 10/03/2008 for the course PSYC 100 taught by Professor Capo during the Spring '08 term at Maryland.

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psych notes part 8 - Developmental Psychology -...

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