psych notes part 5 - Language Lecture

psych notes part 5 - Language Lecture - Two Types of...

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Two Types of Knowledge Tacit knowledge refers to the knowledge of how to perform various acts. Explicit knowledge refers to the knowledge of the processes or mechanisms used in these acts. If knowledge is "explicit," asking a question will yield an answer, because we usually have no trouble expressing our explicit knowledge: - e.g., What is the usual color of an apple? If knowledge is "tacit," however, asking questions will not help, because we have trouble expressing our tacit knowledge: - e.g., How do you ride a bike? - e.g., How do you understand a sentence? Solution: Have the subject do the act, and observe. Infer tacit knowledge from the person's behavior. Knowledge of Language is Linguistic Competence Each speaker of a language has tacit knowledge of a set of rules for the sentences of that language. Our tacit knowledge of the rules of our language is called our linguistic competence. A theory of linguistic competence states the rules that are tacitly known by
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psych notes part 5 - Language Lecture - Two Types of...

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