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Chapter 8 - Chapter 8 Racial and Ethnic Inequality...

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Chapter 8: Racial and Ethnic Inequality Sociological Definition of a Racial Group Group defined as inferior or superior Based on subjective physical characteristics (E.g. skin color, hair texture, eye shape) Examples – African American, Native American, Asian American The Meaning of Race, Ethnic Groups and Racism Race o Biological Characteristics Ethnicity o Shared historical or cultural heritage Latino Americans, African Americans, Asian Americans, Native Americans Racism o Belief that some racial groups are inherently inferior to others Prejudice and Discrimination Prejudice – an irrational attitude toward certain people based solely on their membership in a particular group Discrimination – refers to behaviors, particularly unequal treatment of people because they are members of a particular group Prejudice and discrimination result from social and psychological sources Common Experiences of Subordinate Groups Each has o Been the object of stereotyping and discrimination o Resisted oppression and strived for a better life o Been the object of government policies to shape its place Dominant and Subordinate Groups Dominant or majority group Subordinate or minority group
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Is advantaged Is disadvantaged
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