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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 9 Gender Inequality Is Gender Biological and Social? • Biological Basis for Gender Roles: o Male Hormones and Female Hormones cause some biological differences o Only slight differences in levels of hormones in girls and boys in childhood o Over the course of all women’s and men’s lives o Between and among different groups of women and men, depending on class, race, ethnicity, and sexuality Women and Men are Differentiated and Ranked • Gender Stratification: the ranking of the sexes in such a way that women are unequal in power, resources, and opportunities Social Bases for Gender Roles • Cross-cultural evidence shows a wide variation of behaviors for the sexes • Different cultures differ significantly in the way that they divide labor between men and women • Like race, the idea is socially constructed • Women’s and men’s roles are not the same throughout the world • The types of behavior that are considered appropriate for men and women reflect the values of a particular society. They are largely learned as a person is socialized into his or her culture Scientific Variations on the Theme of Male dominance • Margaret mead found societies where women dominated and were aggressive, not men • In Latin America, men farm. In Africa women farm. In south Asia, men sell in public markets. In Africa, women sell in public markets. Women have been dentists in Denmark, engineers in East Germany, and Doctors in Russia. Opposite norm in USDenmark, engineers in East Germany, and Doctors in Russia....
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This note was uploaded on 10/04/2008 for the course SOCL 2501 taught by Professor Simpson during the Spring '08 term at LSU.
- Spring '08