EURO FINAL STUDY GUIDE.pdf - EURO FINAL STUDY GUIDE 14th...

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EURO FINAL STUDY GUIDE 14th Century Events: Great Famine (1315-1322) - Diseases hit cattle and sheep so cost of dairy and livestock rose, fewer people were able to buy food, people were more susceptible to diseases Climate Change (1300-1450) - Climate became colder and led to poor harvests, resulting in social consequences. People had to sell houses in order to buy food. Jews and lepers were blamed Black Death (s 1347) - Plague that struck Europe and killed ⅓ of populations Plague started in China where Mongols used plague-infested bodies as biological warfare in Kaffa Rats accompanied Mongal caravans and stowed away onto ports of Asia, spreading it further 1347, Genoese Ships brought plague from Kaffa to Messina, spreading it to Sicily. Italy was attacks, then Germany, then France, then to Spain. Ships brought it to England sent it to Scandinavia No one was clean or bathed regularly so the infection spread quickly. Muslim world was not spared. Neither was the wealthy population. Plague took everyone equally, resulting in the artwork that shows death taking both the poor and wealthy. Methods: Poisoned air was thought to be the source of the plague. Bloodletting was also very popular to get rid of the “excess of blood”. People sought clergymen and church Food prices increased People became more pious and saw the plague as God punishing them so many became flagellants and whipped themselves give penance for their sins. Officials tried to stop them because they thought it would provoke more violence. Jews were blamed for poisoning the wells of christian communities. Jews were killed. People didn’t like Jews. The Hundred Years’ War (1337-1453) Henry II married Eleanor of Aquitaine and gained the province of southern France for the holdings of the English Crown. Treaty of Paris signed Henry III of England with Louis IX of France affirmed English ownership of Aquitaine in return for becoming a vassal to the French crown. Aquitaine became a disputed territory Charles IV of France died childless so crown went to his sister, Isabella, but her son, Edward III, was the king of England. French lawyers stated that this doesn’t count (Salic Law, a 16th century code of Franks) and banned Edward III from being French King French crown went to Philip VI of Valois, nephew of Philip the Fair and to exercise his power, confiscated the duchy(territory of duke and duchess) of Aquitaine. Edward III saw this as a violation of the Treaty of 1259 and declared war. Argued that he deserved the title of king of France. Nobles sided with whom they saw stronger and would constantly switch sides. French Nobles sided with Edward instead of Philip VI because it upset the feudal order of France.

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