Class 5 Notes - Chapter 4 Personality and Values If a man...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 4 Personality and Values If a man does not keep pace with his companions, perhaps it is because he hears a different drummer. Let him step to the music which he hears, however measured or far away. Henry David Thoreau Personality is: the set of distinctive traits and characteristics that can be used to compare and contrast individuals. Why examine personality? self awareness managing others person-job fit Personality is composed of a set of well-defined traits or dimensions. Trait A Trait B Trait C Personality Determinants Personality is defined and determined by-Biological Factors-Social Factors-Cultural Factors-Situational Factors Personality Traits Personality Characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling and acting. Four major perspectives on Personality Psychoanalytic- unconscious motivations Trait- specific dimensions of personality Humanistic- inner capacity for growth Social-Cognitive- influence of environment Four major perspectives on Personality Psychoanalytic- unconscious motivations Trait- specific dimensions of personality Humanistic- inner capacity for growth Social-Cognitive- influence of environment Psychoanalytic Perspective first comprehensive theory of personality (1856-1939) University of Vienna 1873 Voracious Reader Medical School Graduate Specialized in Nervous Disorders Some patients disorders Some patients disorders had no physical cause! had no physical cause! The Unconscious the mind is like an iceburg - mostly hidden Conscious Awareness small part above surface (Preconscious) Unconscious below the surface (thoughts, feelings, wishes, memories) Repression banishing unacceptable thoughts & passions to unconscious Dreams & Slips Freud & Personality Structure Personality arises from conflict twixt agressive, pleasure-seeking impulses and social restraints Satisfaction without the guilt? Ego Super Ego Id Freud & Personality Structure Id- energy constantly striving to satisfy basic drives Pleasure Principle Ego- seeks to gratify the Id in realistic ways Reality Principle Super Ego- voice of conscience that focuses on how we ought to behave Ego Super Ego Id Thematic Apperceptions Test (TAT) Rorschach Inkblot Test The Unconscious & Assessment How can we assess personality? (i.e., the unconscious) Objective Tests? No - tap the conscious Projective Tests? Yes - tap the unconscious Evaluating the Psychoanalytic Perspective Were Freuds theories the best of his time or were they simply incorrect? Current research contradicts many of Freuds specific ideas Development does not stop in childhood Dreams may not be unconscious drives and wishes Slips of the tongue are likely competing nodes in memory network Freuds Ideas as Scientific Theory Theories must explain observations and offer testable hypotheses Few Objective Observations Few Objective Observations Few Hypotheses Few Hypotheses...
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This note was uploaded on 03/18/2008 for the course MGT 325 taught by Professor Roth during the Fall '07 term at Michigan State University.

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Class 5 Notes - Chapter 4 Personality and Values If a man...

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