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World History II Name: ______________________ BBC: Industrial Revolution Why did the Industrial Revolution happen in 18thcentury Britain? 1.Until the Industrial Revolution, what was the main source of energy in Britain? 2.What was the new source of fuel? Why was it better? 3.What was the problem with the mines? 4.What was invented to solve the problem? 5.Describe the intellectual climate in Britain. 6.What was the focus of James Watt’s work? 7.What were some of the items produced by machine? 8.What happened to the population in Birmingham? 9.Why was political liberty important for the Industrial Revolution? 10.Why were the French Perrier brothers unsuccessful in their efforts? 11.What did the British government see as its role? Wood was the main source.Coal. Because it provides 3 times the energy of wood. It was abundant in Britain. The mines would flood as people dig deeper.Steam engine was invented to pump water out of the mines.