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Unformatted text preview: POLS 206 5 September 2008, Friday The Constitution Roots of American Government Enlightenment Period o Newton world could be improved through the use of human reason, science, and religious toleration: beginning to move away from religion for guidelines for government and answers to world around us, toward science and empiricism this has direct political implications challenges notions that fate controls destiny and kings rule by divine right, encourage people to think about alternatives. 17 th Century English Theorists: social contract o Thomas Hobbes Mans natural state is war To protect their lives, people give up certain rights to government o John Locke Governments responsibility was to protect private property Argued that men were born equal with natural rights and no ruler can take away these rights. People form governments to preserve life, liberty, and property and to assure justice True justice comes from laws Devising a National Government Rejected a system with a strong ruler o Feared replicating the British system...
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