2008 09 03 POLS 206 Notes

2008 09 03 POLS 206 Notes - 1. Limited government 3. The...

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POLS 206 3 September 2008, Wednesday The American System 1. Direct democracy a. Political decisions are made by the people directly, rather than by their elected representatives b. Attained most easily in small political communities c. How does it work today? i. Initiative ii. Referendum iii. Recall d. Why isn’t every democracy run this way? i. THEN 1. Founders believed in government based on the consent of the people but were highly distrustful of anything that might look like “mob rule.” a. Institutions filter the popular will through elected elites. ii. NOW 1. Country large, economy complex, political institutions varied, policy issues more complex a. People do not have the time, motivation, information for a direct democratic system to work. 2. The American solution a. Democratic Republic: same as representative democracy – government based on elected representatives i. Principles of Democratic Government 1. Universal suffrage 2. Majority rule ii. Constitutional Democracy
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Unformatted text preview: 1. Limited government 3. The American Democracy a. Institutional Characteristics i. Majoritarianism ii. Elite theory iii. Pluralism b. Social Values they express i. Political Socialization ii. Liberty versus Order iii. Equality versus liberty 1. Economic Equality 2. Property Rights and Capitalism Tensions within American Democracy 1. Size of Government a. How much power should the government have? b. What role should it play in the lives of citizens? i. Katrina/Taxes/National Security Policies 2. Ideology: Liberal vs. Conservative a. How should the government use its power? b. How do we balance competing needs? Demographic Profile of America Aging: boomers getting older Population growth: on the decline Ethnic Change: more immigration o Changes in Hispanic Community: multiplying faster Women in the Workforce: more of them in areas of the workforce that theyve previously been kept out of....
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2008 09 03 POLS 206 Notes - 1. Limited government 3. The...

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