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Sociology Exam 1

Sociology Exam 1 - Sociology Chapters 1-6 Notes Exam I...

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Sociology Chapters 1-6 Notes Exam I Chapter 1- Understanding Sociology Sociology- the scientific study of social behavior and human groups Sociological imagination- an awareness of the relationship between an individual and the wider society. The ability to view our own society from an outsiders perspective Sociology is a social science, not a natural science Social science- the study of the social features of humans and the ways in which they interact and change Sociology emphasizes the influence that groups can have on people’s behavior and attitudes and the ways in which people shape society Sociologists must test and analyze each piece of information they use. Knowledge that relies on “common sense” is not always reliable. Sociologists employ theories to examine relationships between observations or data that may seem completely unrelated Theories- a set of statements that seeks to explain problems, actions, or behavior. An effective theory may have both explanatory and predictive power. That is, it can help us to see the relationships among seemingly isolated phenomena, as well as to understand how one type of change in an environment leads to other changes. Sociology attempts to categorizes and not set normal standards; sociologists won’t be out describing behavior; they try to not set norms Sociology is categorized, not normative Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) Interested in the larger social order and how individuals are brought into the social order He looked at different rates of suicide and different groups Different groups have different rates of suicide Single people have a higher rate of suicide than married people because married people are tied to a group Protestant has higher suicide rates than Catholics because Catholics are a bigger group Suicide-4 D’s o Depression
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o Despair- “There’s no way out!” o Decision- Things look up and they seem happy because they have found a way out o Death Durkheim’s types of suicide o Altruistic - individual may be strongly identified with a group; suicide is for the sake of the group o Egotistic - self-interest is over group interest; (ex. Catholics are more tied to a group so they think more about the group than they think about themselves) o Anomie - normlessness (w/o norms to guide our behavior); where there are no clear cut norms to conduct how we should behave; the loss of direction felt in a society when social control of individual behavior has become ineffective Theoretical Perspectives Functionalist - they exist b/c they perform a function o Family, Education, Religion Conflict - society is made up of conflict; there is always going to be conflict Interactionist - how different groups react with one another; interaction between individuals o Goffman - wrote # of books on this perspective Dramaturgical - behavior is as though we are performing in a theatre Impression management - trying to manage the impression someone has of you
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