CHINA TIMELINE PROJECTChinese dynasties Ancient: Qin, Han Middle: Sui, Tang, and Song Latter: Ming Qin (221–206 b.c.)In 221 BC, Qin Shi Huangdi, the ruler of the state of Qin, became the first Emperor of China after conquering his neighboring states and overthrowing the Zhou dynasty. He believed in Legalist principles so he use forceful measures to centralize to power for himself. This foundation of ruling lasted until 1911. In efforts to unite the empire, he started to force several measures. Some of these measures were uniform standards for weights and measures and currency regulations. He also would send peasants to work on building roads across the empire and dig up canals. Though, these routes improved transportation so supplies and troops can be moved efficiently. This would also make it so troops can be quickly sent to any troubled area. Shi Huangdi also standardize cart sizes which made it easier to tax. To prevent the Northern farmers from becoming nomadic due to rade from Northern tribes men, Shi Huangdi forced massive relocations to the South. Qin Shi Huangdi tries to control knowledge and ideas as well. He banned all books except ones of Legalist ideas, and started to burn books that referenced to Confucian teaching. Shi Huangdi was also persecuting Confucian scholars, and to show an example, he buried 460 scholars alive. Qin Shi Huangdi extended and connected existing walls to create the Great Wall of China in an attempt to protect the people from Mongols across Northern china. He would force his people, scholars to peasants, to labor on the wall. Due to the harsh conditions, the wall started to become known as the “Wall of Tears” since so many people would die ( from things such as starvation, cold, exhaustion, etc. ). This wall did little to prevent invaders, but it did become the symbol of China. Due to Shi Huangdi harsh policies, the dynasty didn’t last quite long. When he passed away ( buries with his Terracotta Army ) , a revolted started to sparkle. It only took a few years for a new leader to overthrow the Qin dynasty and make their own. Li SiBeing an influential prime minister under Qin Shi Huangdi, he had great power. He was central to the state’s policies. This includes policies on military conquest, draconian centralization of state control and standardization of weights and measures. He was also one of the head people in the persecution of Confucianism and other ideas/people that were an oppositions of Legalism. PICTURES:
●●.jpgHan (206BC - 220AD)As chaos started to break out after the fall of the Qin dynasty, liu Bang, a peasant leader, overthrew the Qin dynasty and set up their own dynasty. This dynasty was known as the Han Dynasty. During the rule of the Han Dynasty, China expanded across Asia.