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1Six Models of AbnormalityDepression, rage, jealousy, suicide, hatred, and many other symptoms fall under the models of abnormality. Trying to clarify or comprehend events is known as a model. There are six models of abnormality. The six different models are the biological model, the psychodynamic model, the behavioral model, the cognitive model, the humanistic-existential cultural model, and the social cultural model. Each model focuses mainly on the feature of human functioning, and none can describe all features of abnormality (Comer, 2014, pg. 48). The biological model takes a look into the brain to see if it is the cause of the problem. Looking deeper into the brain biological researchers observed that mental disorders can be linkedto difficulties in the communication of communications from neuron to neuron. One disease, Huntington’s disease is caused by cell loss in the cortex and ganglia (Comer, 2014, pg. 49). Eachneuron uses certain kinds of neurotransmitters, and irregular action in neurotransmitters can lead to psychological disorders, along with anomalous chemical activity in the body’s endocrine system. Abnormal brain structure can also be a result of genetics, evolution, and viral infections.Biological practitioners look for signs to try to understand abnormal behavior. The three biological treatments used today are drug therapy, which is the most common, electroconvulsive therapy, and psychotherapy. The four most used drugs for drug therapy are antidepressant, whichaid in mood; anxiety, which reduces strain; antibipolar, which steadies mood; and antipsychotic, which decreases confusion, hallucinations, and delusions. In electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) two electrodes are placed to each temple on the forehead and electrical currents are briefly passed through the brain. Psychotherapy, or neurosurgery, is the last resort after severe disordershave prolonged over the years (Comer, 2014, pg. 51-52).
2The oldest and most famous of the six models is the psychodynamic model. This model