Theatre Study Guide Exam III

Theatre Study Guide Exam III - Theatre Study Guide Exam III...

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Theatre Study Guide Exam III Chapter 9 – Design Ming Cho Lee The “dean” of American scene design (American scenographer) Known for predominantly minimalist sets Exception being K2 which won Tony in 1983 Strong supporter of multiculturalism “Design is an act of transformation” Designing the costumes Dress Parade o A tryout of the completed costumes by the actors for the costume designer and director so that necessary changes can be made before opening night Designing the Set White model o The preliminary model is called the “white model” because it is made of heavy white paper and foam board and is only a foot across. o After the directory and designer study the white model and agree on changes, the designer now makes a second, more detailed color model Renderings o Designers work from thumbnail drawings to final full-color renderings of the set o Shows the set as the designer wants to audience to see it o Gives actors an idea of what the set will look like long before it is built Designing the Lights Gels o Sheets of colored plastic attached to the front of lighting instruments o Called gels b/c once made of gelatin o Colored lights are achieved by filtering the light through these o Come in thousands of colors, giving light designer almost limitless palette Motivated light o Stage lighting that comes from an identifiable source, such as a candle, a lamp, or the sun Non-motivated light o Reinforces the mood of a scene but doesn’t necessarily come from an identifiable or onstage source Types of stages Proscenium Arch o Most common type o Originated in Italy in the 1500s o More formal than others b/c audience is separated from actors o Sometimes called “picture frame” theatres o Apron Aka lip A part of the stage that extends into the audience’s side of the picture frame In modern proscenium arches the actors can come closer to the audience on the apron
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Some are on a hydraulic or manual elevator and can be raised and lowered At stage level that are an extension of the stage and when lowered they become the orchestra pit o Wings Located at the sides of a proscenium arch stage They are areas out of the audience’s sight from which the actors make their entrances and where set pieces can be stored or moved onto the stage o Battens Aka fly system The elaborate network of pulleys, riggings, and counterweights that allows scenic pieces to be “flown” up and out of the audience’s sight in a traditional proscenium arch theatre Thrust Stage o Has an apron that protrudes so far into the auditorium that the audience must sit on three sides of the stage o Reduces the distance between the actors and audience o Allows for a more intimate style of acting o Older than proscenium arch theatres; Shakespeare’s plays were first performed on this stage Theatre in the Round o Less common than the other two theatres o Stage in center, like an island, surrounded on all sides by audience
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Theatre Study Guide Exam III - Theatre Study Guide Exam III...

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