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Unformatted text preview: Theatre Final Exam Notes Chapter 13 The Renaissance Humanism Definition o In fifteenth-century Italy, university students who rejected the traditional curriculum of theology in favor of the subjects studied in classical Greece, specifically rhetoric, literary criticism, grammar, history, poetry, painting, architecture, music, classical literature, and theatre o After Aristotle was rediscovered, the humanist movement had become a powerful force in the theatre o Sought to mimiceven duplicatethe ideas, style, structure, and staging of ancient Greek and Roman theatre o Imitation was the highest form of flattery 2 basic elements o 3 Unities Action of the play takes place within 24 hours Settings of the place need to be reached within 24 hours Comedy and tragedy should not take place within the same play o Declamatory acting Based on their interpretation of how they think the Greeks performed their plays Delivered lines directly to the audience in a presentational style A strict adherence to their sense of decorum was the dominant aesthetic consideration Aristotelian Scholasticism o A synthesis of Aristotles philosophy and the dogma of the Roman Catholic Church that was widely taught in universities during the Middle Ages o Humanists began to demand that Aristotelian dramatic principles be applied to drama of the day o They argued that he was an authority on philosophy, religion, and the natural sciences, so he should have wisdom on writing plays o This began the 3 unities o The 3 unities were misinterpretations of Aristotles writing by Renaissance scholars Commedia dellarte Originating in sixteenth-century Italy, traveling acting companies that presented broad, improvisational comedy and were popular throughout Europe between 1550 and 1750 1. Characters (Basic Stock Characters) a. Harlequin, or Arecchina servant of Pantalone b. Pantalone stingy, retired Venetian merchant who often makes a fool of himself by courting young girls c. Innamorata and Innamorato a leading lady and leading man who are lovers d. Scapino a servant and acrobat who is smater than his master e. La Ruiffiana a gossipy old women who meddles in the affairs of the lovers 2. Stories a. Scenarios 3. Conventions a. Slapstick comedy that stressed farce and horseplay b. Lazzi Little comic bits c. Masks Perspective Scenery Converging lines and a vanishing point to create the illusion of depth, or a 3-dimensional reality on a flat, 2-dimensional surface; a technique of set design and scene painting that gives the illusion of depth It gave birth to the proscenium arch theatre...
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- Spring '07