Chap 9 - Motivation Activates, Directs, and Sustains...

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Unformatted text preview: Motivation Activates, Directs, and Sustains Behavior Motivation Needs Physiological -> Esteem Drives Hunger, thirst, fear, social affiliation, curiosity Arousal Fear, interest, pressure to succeed Motivation Refers to the purpose for or cause of an action All animals are born with both the motivation and the ability to perform certain complex behaviors. Spiders dont teach their offspring how to build elaborate webs, but their offspring build them nonetheless Motivation All mammals experience sex drives and hunger drives. Mating and eating (or mating and eating, depending on your personal priorities . . .) Drive An internal state generated by departures from physiological optimality. Homeostasis The tendency for a system to take action to keep itself in a particular state Human Urges Maslows Hierarchy of Needs Humans are motivated to satisfy a variety of needs--Maslow characterized these needs using a hierarchy. Lower-order needs form the base and Self-actualization forms the pinnacle. People dont experience higher needs until the needs below them have been met. Balance of needs . . ....
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This note was uploaded on 10/05/2008 for the course PSY 301 taught by Professor Pennebaker during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Chap 9 - Motivation Activates, Directs, and Sustains...

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