Chap 8 - cognition mentalactivity cognition thinking object...

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cognition mental activity
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cognition thinking representing information
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analogical representation a mental representation that has some of the physical characteristics of an object; it is analogous to the object
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lemon
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limits of analogical representations
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conceptual mental map Which is farther east: San Diego or Reno?
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conceptual mental map Which is farther north: Seattle or Montreal?
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visual representations aren’t everything much of our thinking reflects our general knowledge about objects in the world rather than simply their visual representations.
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concept a mental representation that groups or categorizes objects, events, or relations around common themes
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concept a class that includes some number of individuals or subtypes
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concept gross definition
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Categorization: grouping things together based on shared properties
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Categorization: reduces the amount of knowledge we must hold in memory and therefore an efficient way of thinking
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defining attribute model each concept is characterized by a list of features that are necessary to determine if an object is a member of a category
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prototype model Within each category, some members of a particular category are more representative or prototypical of that category than other members
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schemas how we think about the world extends well beyond a simple list of facts about the specific items we encounter every day
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schemas organize useful information about the environment
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schemas sequences of events that occur in different situations scripts
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scripts allow us to make a series of inferences about the sequence of events that arise in daily situations so that we know how to act in any given situation
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making decisions and solving problems fundamental characteristic of human cognition
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deductive reasoning Queen Elizabeth is a person All people are mammals Therefore, Queen Elizabeth is a mammal
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deductive reasoning All people from San Francisco are friendly Some friendly people like Thai food Therefore, all people from San Francisco like Thai food
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This note was uploaded on 10/05/2008 for the course PSY 301 taught by Professor Pennebaker during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas.

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Chap 8 - cognition mentalactivity cognition thinking object...

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