Chapter 14 - Treatment of Mental Disorders Chapter 14...

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Treatment of Mental Disorders Chapter 14
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Psychodynamic therapy Client -centered therapy Behavior modification Cognitive-behavioral therapy Group therapy Family therapy
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Psychotherapy is based on psychological principles Psychodynamic therapy focuses on insight Humanist therapies focus on the whole person Behavioral therapy focuses on observable behavior Cognitive-Behavioral therapy focuses on faulty cognitions Group therapy builds social support Family therapy focuses on family context
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Psychodynamic therapy: insight A goal of many types of talk therapy based on Freudian principles, insight is a patient’s understanding of his or her own psychological processes.
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Psychodynamic therapy focuses on insight Freudian “psychoanalysis” uses free association and dream analysis to bring unconscious unresolved conflict into focus The goal is to produce insight, which leads to behavior change and symptom improvement Post-Freudian reformulations are called “psychodynamic approaches”
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Freud Believed that personality was in part the result of unconscious conflicts.
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Freud’s Topographical Model
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“The effect of penis-envy has a share, further, in the physical vanity of women, since they are bound to value their charms more highly as a late compensation for their original sexual inferiority. . . Shame, which is considered to be a feminine characteristic par excellence but is far more a matter of convention than might be supposed, has as its purpose, we believe-- concealment of genital deficiency.” (Freud, 1933, p. 132)
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Client-Centered Therapy An empathic approach to therapy that encourages personal growth through greater self-understanding
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Humanist therapies focus on the whole person Rogers’ “Client-centered therapy” uses reflective listening to help persons clarify their deeply held personal concerns Rogers’ approach also promotes “ unconditional positive regard ” as a therapeutic element Rogers’ approach aims to achieve “ fully-functioning persons who are “ self-actualized ” as described by Maslow
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Carl Rogers January 8, 1902 – February 4, 1987
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Abraham Maslow April 1, 1908 – June 8, 1970
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Behavior Modification Treatment in which principles of operant conditioning are used to reinforce desired behaviors and ignore or punish unwanted behaviors
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Behavioral therapy focuses on observable behavior Behavior is learned and can be unlearned
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This note was uploaded on 10/05/2008 for the course PSY 301 taught by Professor Pennebaker during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Chapter 14 - Treatment of Mental Disorders Chapter 14...

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