Chap 10 - Emotions and Health Stress How Do People Cope...

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Unformatted text preview: Emotions and Health Stress How Do People Cope with Stress? There Are Sex Differences in Response to Stressors The General Adaptation Syndrome Is a Bodily Response to Stress People Encounter Stress in Daily Life Stress Affects Health Coping Is a Process Shelley Taylor, Ph.D. UCLA Dept. of Psychology There Are Sex Differences in Response to Stressors Shelley Taylors tend-and-befriend model questions the cross-sex generality of Cannons fight-or-flight model Females have low testosterone and high oxytocin Oxytocin may promote nurturing behaviors during stressful periods Hans Selye Popularized the term stress demonstrated that stress can affect physical health The General Adaptation Syndrome Is a Bodily Response to Stress Selye noted that bloated adrenal glands, damaged lymphatic structures, and stomach ulcers were the hallmarks of the nonspecific stress response His stressor-induced general adaptation syndrome is now seen as engaging the HPA system general adaptation syndrome a consistent pattern of responses to stress that consists of 3 stages: alarm, resistance, and exhaustion alarm stage An emergency reaction that prepares the body to fight or flee; physiological responses are aimed at boosting physical abilities while reducing activities that make the organism vulnerable to infection after injury alarm stage Body prepares to survive--flee or fight, kick in the immune system, flood the body with resistant chemistry resistance stage The defenses are prepared for a longer, sustained attack against the stressor; immunity to disease continues to increase somewhat as the body maximizes its defenses exhaustion stage A variety of physiological and immune systems fail. Bodily organs that were already weak before the stress are the first to fail. Stress is harmful increased blood pressure cardiac disease diabetes declining sexual interest dwarfism People Encounter Stress in Daily Life Stress occurs when we perceive a discrepancy between situational demands and our biological, psychological, and social resources Major life stressors and daily hassels affect physical and mental health immune system...
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Chap 10 - Emotions and Health Stress How Do People Cope...

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