Chap15 - Overview of Chapter Questions: How Do We Know...

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Overview of Chapter Questions: How Do We Know Ourselves? How Do Attitudes Guide Behavior? How Do We Form Our Impressions of Others? How Do Others Influence Us? When Do We Harm or Help Others? What Determines the Quality of Relationships?
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How Do We Know Ourselves? Our Self-Concept Consists of Self- Knowledge Perceived Social Regard Influences Self- Esteem We Use Mental Strategies to Maintain Our Views of Self
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Our Self-Concept Consists of Self-Knowledge Self-Concept: a cognitive knowledge structure that guides attention Self-Awareness: “I” vs. “Me” Objective Self-Awareness Self-discrepancy theory
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Self-Schema is cognitive aspect of Self-Concept
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Self-Schema is cognitive aspect of Self-Concept Self-schemas consist of integrated: Memories Beliefs Generalizations about self Self-schemas help filter information through the lens of self-relevance
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Our Self-Concept Consists of Self-Knowledge Working Self-Concept Independent and Interdependent Selves: Cultural differences
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Perceived Social Regard Influences Self-Esteem Self-esteem: the evaluative aspect of self-concept Self-esteem derives from reflected appraisals
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What Message Did I Hear? Unconditional acceptance needs to occur in the context of relatively strict parenting: Parents clearly define limits and enforce them  by providing positive reinforcement for  behaviors within those limits (+ punishment  for those outside the limits)
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Sociometer Theory and Self-Esteem
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We Use Mental Strategies to Maintain Our Views of Self People think of themselves positively “better-than-average” effect People have positive illusions They automatically show favoritism to anything associated with themselves Self-evaluative maintenance Performance in relationship to others
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We Use Mental Strategies to Maintain Our Views of Self Social Comparison Downward Comparisons ( relevant deficiencies ) High self-esteem Upward Comparisons ( relevant deficiencies ) Low self-esteem Self-serving biases
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How Do Attitudes Guide Behavior? We Form Attitudes through Socialization and
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This note was uploaded on 10/05/2008 for the course PSY 301 taught by Professor Pennebaker during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Chap15 - Overview of Chapter Questions: How Do We Know...

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