Chap11 - Overview of Chapter Questions: What Shapes a...

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Overview of Chapter Questions: What Shapes a Child? How Do Children Learn about Their Worlds? How Do Children and Adolescents Develop Their Identities? What Brings Meaning to Adulthood?
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What Shapes a Child? Development Starts in the Womb • Brain Development Promotes Learning • Attachment Promotes Survival • Parental Style Can Affect Children’sWell-Being
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Development Starts in the Womb Developing humans are “embryos” in the first two months after conception Forebrain, midbrain, hindbrain being to form by week 4 Cells forming the cortex are visible by week 7 After two months the growing human is called a “fetus”
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Development Starts in the Womb Teratogens cause abnormal development Thalidomide is one example Alcohol is a teratogen causing fetal alcohol syndrome
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fetal alcohol syndrome FAS also includes deformities in the major organ systems, especially the heart. Mental defects: low IQ's permanent brain damage learning problems poor coordination short attention spans Emotional defects: hyperactive behavioral problems
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Hormonal influence if mom is unusually anxious and upset, fetus can be exposed to high levels of stress hormones
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Hormonal influence high levels of stress hormones may interfere with normal development, produce low birth weight, and other negative cognitive and physical outcomes that last for life
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Brain Development Promotes Learning Newborns prefer sweet tastes
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This note was uploaded on 10/05/2008 for the course PSY 301 taught by Professor Pennebaker during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas.

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Chap11 - Overview of Chapter Questions: What Shapes a...

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