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Chap 7_Pt_1 - What Are the Different Memory Systems...

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What Are the Different Memory Systems? •  Explicit Memory Involves Conscious Effort • Implicit Memory Occurs without   Deliberate Effort
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Explicit Memory Involves Conscious Effort Explicit memory involves the processes used to remember specific information which can be declared Episodic memory is personal Semantic memory involves knowledge of facts
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  Implicit Memory Occurs without   Deliberate Effort Implicit memory is the pervasive process by which people show without awareness that they are remembering something Implicit memory does not require attention and is automatic Consider “procedural memory” Repetition priming
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The Illustrative Case of H.M. H.M. had his hippocampus removed in a surgery designed to stop epileptic seizures (fig 7.1) Profound disturbances in memory were produced which illuminate many memory processes He could learn some things but didn’t know he’d learned (fig 7.2)
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Supraorbital trephine holes created by Scoville to access the temporal lobes for H.M.’s resection Fig. 1, Salat et al., Neuroimaging (2007)
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Explicit Memory The processes involved when people remember specific information
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Declarative Memory The cognitive information (content ) retrieved from explicit memory; knowledge that can be declared
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Episodic Memory Memory for one’s personal past experiences With whom did you share your first kiss?
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Semantic Memory Memory for knowledge about the world What is the capitol of Texas?
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Fig 2
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Fig 3
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