Class 16 Notes - Chapter 12 Leadership LEADERSHIP Key...

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Chapter 12 Leadership
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LEADERSHIP Key questions: Who are great leaders? Can leadership be taught? Are leaders and managers the same thing? Does today’s business environment require a different type of leader?
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Definition Leadership : the use of non-coercive and symbolic influence to direct and coordinate the activities of the members of an organized group toward the accomplishment of group objectives.
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Trait Theories Traits Theories of Leadership Theories that consider  personality, social, physical, or  intellectual traits to  differentiate leaders from  nonleaders. Leadership Traits Extraversion Conscientiousness Openness Emotional Intelligence (qualified)
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Trait Theories Limitations: Limitations: No universal traits found that predict leadership in all situations. Unclear evidence of the cause and effect of relationship of leadership and traits. Better predictor of the appearance of leadership than distinguishing effective and ineffective leaders.
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Trait Approach Traits (examples) Extraversion Conscientiousness Openness to Experience Assumption: Leaders are born Goal: Select leaders Problems Traits do not generalize across situations Better at predicting leader emergence than leader effectiveness
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Behavioral Approach Ohio State Studies/U. of Michigan Initiating Structure/Production Orientation Consideration/Employee Orientation Assumption: Leaders can be trained Goal: Develop leaders Problem: Effective behaviors do not generalize across situations
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Ohio State Studies Initiating Structure The extent to which a leader is likely to define and  structure his or her role and those of sub-ordinates in the  search for goal attainment. Consideration The extent to which a leader is likely to have job  relationships characterized by mutual trust, respect for  subordinate’s ideas, and regard for their feelings.
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University of Michigan Studies Employee-Oriented Leader Emphasizing interpersonal relations; taking a 
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Class 16 Notes - Chapter 12 Leadership LEADERSHIP Key...

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