eChp. 1 The science psychology ●psychological science is the study, through research of mind, brain and behavior. ●mind: mental activity and the perception of the 5 senses and memories, thoughts, and feelings. these result from biological processes within the brain. ●behavior- observable actions. ●overt behavior- observable, anything that can be seen and measured ●covert behavior- internal thoughts, feelings, emotions. having the thought “i hate you” ●Zeitgeist: a dominant intellectual style or school of thought that typifies and influences culture in a particular period of time. fashion is a good example. ●zeit= time ●geist= spirit Nature vs Nurture Debate Mind/ Body Problem ●What is the relationship between the mind and body? ●monoism: mind and body are one ●dualism: mind and body are separate Scientific observation ●Wilhelm Wundt- german professor who founded the first psychology laboratory. basically sounded the notion that psychology should be studied in a scientific manner. ●introspection- basically having ppl say their thoughts out loud. largely subjective and unverifiable ●structuralism- conscious experience can be broken down into underlying basic components. ex: present a piece of fruit and ask ppl to describe what they were perceiving, shape, smell, color, texture.