psy.pdf - eChp 1 The science psychology psychological science is the study through research of mind brain and behavior mind mental activity and the

psy.pdf - eChp 1 The science psychology psychological...

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 12 pages.

eChp. 1 The science psychology psychological science is the study, through research of mind, brain and behavior. mind: mental activity and the perception of the 5 senses and memories, thoughts, and feelings. these result from biological processes within the brain. behavior- observable actions. overt behavior- observable, anything that can be seen and measured covert behavior- internal thoughts, feelings, emotions. having the thought “i hate you” Zeitgeist: a dominant intellectual style or school of thought that typifies and influences culture in a particular period of time. fashion is a good example. zeit= time geist= spirit Nature vs Nurture Debate Mind/ Body Problem What is the relationship between the mind and body? monoism: mind and body are one dualism: mind and body are separate Scientific observation Wilhelm Wundt- german professor who founded the first psychology laboratory. basically sounded the notion that psychology should be studied in a scientific manner. introspection- basically having ppl say their thoughts out loud. largely subjective and unverifiable structuralism- conscious experience can be broken down into underlying basic components. ex: present a piece of fruit and ask ppl to describe what they were perceiving, shape, smell, color, texture.
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

functionalism- focus on the adaptive purpose or function of mind and behavior. william james founded this. ex: behaviors aimed at survival and adaptation to the environment. 20th century: Sigmund Freud behavior is determined by unconsciousness he saw psychology as a set of conflicts that we haven’t resolved. mental forces in conflict— psychological discomfort. ex: repressed childhood experiences cause unconscious conflicts in adulthood. psychoanalysis: bring unconscious into conscious awareness in order to reveal conflict. methods: free association, dream interpretation. freud became very popular. teacher does not like him at all. freud set back the study of psychology greatly behaviorism- focus on the role of environment on observable behavior. cues in the environment that trigger our behavior. stop light. Current state of psychology emphasis on research, behaviorism, evidence based practices, observable behaviors. emerging overlap with medical field- Chapter 2 Research Methodology why does research methodology matter? helps us determine what phenomena we should believe in vs stuff that may or may not be true. four primary goals of science: description- describe what a phenomenon is. how many people text while driving? how many accidents result from that? anything that helps us understand the phenomenon. prediction- predict when the phenomenon will occur. Under what circumstances are ppl likely to text while driving?
Image of page 2
Control- control what causes the phenomenon to occur. Is texting the cause of problematic driving?
Image of page 3

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 4
  • Spring '12
  • BORIDERI
  • Psychology, current state

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask bonus questions You can ask questions ( expire soon) You can ask questions (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes