psy.pdf - eChp 1 The science psychology psychological science is the study through research of mind brain and behavior mind mental activity and the

psy.pdf - eChp 1 The science psychology psychological...

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eChp. 1 The science psychology psychological science is the study, through research of mind, brain and behavior. mind: mental activity and the perception of the 5 senses and memories, thoughts, and feelings. these result from biological processes within the brain. behavior- observable actions. overt behavior- observable, anything that can be seen and measured covert behavior- internal thoughts, feelings, emotions. having the thought “i hate you” Zeitgeist: a dominant intellectual style or school of thought that typifies and influences culture in a particular period of time. fashion is a good example. zeit= time geist= spirit Nature vs Nurture Debate Mind/ Body Problem What is the relationship between the mind and body? monoism: mind and body are one dualism: mind and body are separate Scientific observation Wilhelm Wundt- german professor who founded the first psychology laboratory. basically sounded the notion that psychology should be studied in a scientific manner. introspection- basically having ppl say their thoughts out loud. largely subjective and unverifiable structuralism- conscious experience can be broken down into underlying basic components. ex: present a piece of fruit and ask ppl to describe what they were perceiving, shape, smell, color, texture.
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functionalism- focus on the adaptive purpose or function of mind and behavior. william james founded this. ex: behaviors aimed at survival and adaptation to the environment. 20th century: Sigmund Freud behavior is determined by unconsciousness he saw psychology as a set of conflicts that we haven’t resolved. mental forces in conflict— psychological discomfort. ex: repressed childhood experiences cause unconscious conflicts in adulthood. psychoanalysis: bring unconscious into conscious awareness in order to reveal conflict. methods: free association, dream interpretation. freud became very popular. teacher does not like him at all. freud set back the study of psychology greatly behaviorism- focus on the role of environment on observable behavior. cues in the environment that trigger our behavior. stop light. Current state of psychology emphasis on research, behaviorism, evidence based practices, observable behaviors. emerging overlap with medical field- Chapter 2 Research Methodology why does research methodology matter? helps us determine what phenomena we should believe in vs stuff that may or may not be true. four primary goals of science: description- describe what a phenomenon is. how many people text while driving? how many accidents result from that? anything that helps us understand the phenomenon. prediction- predict when the phenomenon will occur. Under what circumstances are ppl likely to text while driving?
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Control- control what causes the phenomenon to occur. Is texting the cause of problematic driving?
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  • Spring '12
  • BORIDERI
  • Psychology, current state

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