HUM2020 Unit 2.docx - Indian Culture Hinduism the Bhagavad...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 14 pages.

Indian Culture: Hinduism-- theBhagavad Gitaa.What does "Bhagavad Gita" mean? What are names of Hinduism's Holy Trinity & whatis their role in the scheme of things?The Bhagavad Gita (the“Song of God”) referred to as simply the Gita, is a700-verse Hindu scripture in Sanskrit that is part of the Hindu epicMahabharata. Brahman (Brahma) – Creation; Vishnu -- Preservation or Restoration; Shiva– Destruction.b.What, at the outset of the Bhagavad Gita, is bothering Arjuna?Arjuna looks across the battlefield and contemplates the upcoming battle. c.Who is Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita, and what is Krishna's advice to Arjuna?Krishna (God incarnated, acting as Arjuna’s charioteer); Krishna explains toArjuna that his own misapprehensions are blinding him. His opposingcousins and uncles are already dead, because that is the nature of things andof their choices. Krishna says to Arjuna that it is his nature and fate(Dharma) to fight this war – and that he must not let his fleeting humannature blind him from his course – “You are a warrior – go and fight yourwar”.d. What is the primary obstacle to the state of enlightenment, according to Krishna and theBuddha? Finding meditation and letting go of all the desires emotionally orphysicallyf. Explain what pantheism means and how it functions within the myths and belief structuresof Hinduism and Buddhism. What or who is the Real you? A doctrine that identifiesGod with the universe, or regards the universe as a manifestation of God.Hinduism is about understanding Brahma, existence, from within the Atman,which roughly means "self" or "soul," whereas Buddhism is about finding theAnatman — "not soul" or "not self."Indian Culture: Buddhisma.From our text and the film: What catalyst drives Siddhartha to “drop out” and seekenlightenment? What had Siddhartha undergone in physical/mental deprivationbefore he realized that “the Middle Way” is best? To what does "the Middle Way"refer? What is meant by the compassion of Siddhartha/Buddha? On the first visit heencountered an old man. On the next excursion he encountered a sick man. On his thirdexcursion, he encountered a corpse being carried to cremation. Such sights brought hometo him the prevalence of suffering in the world and that he too was subject to old age,sickness and death - that no-one, not even a king's son, could escape these three. Whathope was there, what point in living, if this was the destiny of all? On his fourthexcursion, however, he encountered a holy man or sadhu, apparently content and at peacewith the world. For six years, Siddhartha submitted himself to rigorous ascetic practices,studying and following different methods of meditation with various religious teachers.But he was never fully satisfied. One day, however, he was offered a bowl of rice from ayoung girl and he accepted it. In that moment, he realised that physical austerities were1
not the means to achieve liberation. From then on, he encouraged people to follow a path

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture