9-25-08 - Jazz October9 Tuesday,October7 Beforeyouask, studyguide

9-25-08 - Jazz October9 Tuesday,October7 Beforeyouask,...

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Jazz A Ridiculously Brief History of Jazz
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Important Announcements Midterm Exam will be given on Thursday, October 9 A review session for the midterm will be given on Tuesday, October 7 Before you ask, the course web site will be your best study guide I will draw most of the exam from what we’ve covered in class Some will also be drawn from the assigned reading (not the summer reading)
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What is “jazz?” Not much agreement on a standard definition Contains “swing” To be defined in a moment Contains improvisation Improvisation is an important part of the development of jazz and it is particularly important in bebop Is associated with the “jazz tradition” In other words, if people call it jazz, it is
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What is “swing” Not to be confused with the “Swing Era,” a style period in jazz I’ll discuss in a bit Can refer to a rhythmically cohesive performance In other words, it grooves “That band really swings.” Can refer to the manner in which the beat is subdivided
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Swing 8th Notes In standard musical notation the beat is usually subdivided into two parts that are referred to as “8th notes” When the 8th notes divide the beat into two equal parts jazz musicians call this “straight 8ths” or “even 8ths” When the first 8th note is played a little longer than the second jazz musicians call this “swing 8ths”
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Swing 8ths
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Dave Grusin Theme to Peter Gunn , composed by Henry Mancini
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Back To “What Is Jazz?” So for many, a piece must contain swing 8ths to be considered “jazz” This becomes problematic as many so-called jazz artists don’t always play music with swing 8ths, although they may contain improvisation and be associated with the jazz tradition For our purposes, consider that jazz styles must emphasize improvisation and be associated with the jazz tradition
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Early Jazz Style Traits Smaller ensemble (called a “combo”) Trumpet, Trombone, Clarinet (sometimes sax), piano, bass (sometimes tuba), drums, banjo Features collective improvisation, each instrument filling a particular role Trumpet - improvises around the melody Clarinet - improvises a rhythmically active line above trumpet Trombone - improvises a less active line below trumpet, called “tailgate” style Rhythm section - improvises a march-like accompaniment Listen to Just Gone
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  • Fall '08
  • WILKEN
  • Music, Miles Davis, cool jazz, Father of Jazz, Jazz Anecdotes

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