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Final Exam - Lindsay Weller AMH2090 Smith Womens History...

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Lindsay Weller AMH2090 Smith April 23, 2007 Women’s History Final Exam Short Answer Portion 1. The Depression altered the families and the homes of that era greatly. There was a new social attitude where 82% of Americans felt that women should not work if a male in the family is working. In turn, this led to a reversion towards the standard of the male breadwinner. The woman of the 1930’s was now not only resuming her role as the housewife, but became reliant on developing her talents in the home. The successful housewife was thrifty, inventive and industrious. She was not only taking care of her own family, but possibly her extended family unit that could include in-laws, aunts and uncles. The New Deal was the title President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave to the series of programs initiated between 1933–1938 with the goal of relief, recovery and reform of the United States economy during the Great Depression. One of FDR’s policies involved the Aid to Dependent Children (ADC). This policy replaced “the mothers’ pension programs that had been enacted by some forty state legislatures in the progressive eras, ADC provided funds to families where male breadwinners were dead, absent or incapacitated” (Woloch, 456).
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Weller During the Depression the power of the media drastically increased. After the crash of the stock market, “Drops in film attendance only spurred new ingenuity from the movie industry; huge newspaper chains competed for readers; and the number of radio sets doubled” (Woloch, 458). The modern day soap opera has its origins in the 1930s. Daytime radio shows showcased “predicaments with which entire homebound families… could identify” (Woloch, 458). Newspapers were also a means of escapism for Depression era. Public problems in the news took their minds of their private dilemmas. Comics such as Blondie, which originated in the 1930s, featured a depression-era marriage that readers could relate to as well as get a laugh out of. “The woman reporter surged to prominence in public life in the 1930s”, and columnists such as Eleanor
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