Midrev-2 - SOCIOLOGY 1004 Introductory Sociology MIDTERM...

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SOCIOLOGY 1004 Introductory Sociology MIDTERM REVIEW SHEET The Midterm Exam will take place during class on Friday, October 19 th It will consist of Matching, True/False Questions, Multiple Choice Questions, and  Short Answer Questions (3-6 sentences).  The Midterm will cover Chapters 1-10 in the Text Book, plus material introduced  in class lectures TERMS TO BE FAMILIAR WITH: 1. The Sociological Imagination - the ability to see our private experiences, personal difficulties, and achievements as entwined with the structural arrangements of our society and the historical times in which we live. 2. Culture – The social heritage of a people; those learned patterns for thinking, feeling, and acting that are transmitted from one generation to the next, including the embodiment of these patterns in material items. 3. Society – A group of people who live within the same territory and share a common culture. 4. Operational Definition – a definition developed by taking abstract concepts and putting them in a form that permits their measurement. 5. Social Facts – Those aspects of social life that cannot be explained in terms of the biological or mental characteristics of the individual. People experience the social fact as external to themselves in the sense that it has an independent reality and forms a part of their objective environment. 6. Community 7. Value-free Sociology – The view of Max Weber that sociologists must not allow their personal biases to affect the conduct of their scientific research. 8. Random Sample – A sampling procedure in which researchers select subjects on the basis of chance so that every individual in the population has the same opportunity to be chosen. 9. Proxemics – The way we employ social and personal space to transmit messages. 10. Stratified Random Sample – A sampling procedure in which researchers divide a population into relevant categories and draw a random sample from each of the categories. 11. (Structural) Functionalism – The perspective sees society as a system. Funcionalists identify the structural characteristics and functions and dysfunctions of institutions, and distinguish between manifest functions and latent functions. Functionalists also typically assume that most members of a society share a consensus regarding their core beliefs and values.
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12. Conflict Perspective – The conflict approach draws much of its inspiration from the work of Karl Marx and argues that the structure of society and the nature of social relationships are the result of past and ongoing conflicts. 13. (Symbolic) Interactionism – Symbolic interactionsists contend that society is possible because human beings have the ability to communicate with one another by means of symbols. They say that we act toward people, objects, and events on the basis of the meanings we impart to them. Consequently, we experience the world as constructed reality. 14.
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This note was uploaded on 03/18/2008 for the course SOC 1004 taught by Professor Mdhughes during the Fall '07 term at Virginia Tech.

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Midrev-2 - SOCIOLOGY 1004 Introductory Sociology MIDTERM...

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