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lecture1Psych104Summer06 - Introduction to Social...

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Unformatted text preview: Introduction to Social Psychology CosmoTM Quiz 1. Promising, and delivering, rewards to people for doing an enjoyable activity should, in the long run, make them enjoy the activity even more. T/F ? CosmoTM Quiz 1. You asked a complete stranger for a favor, and they turn you down. If you asked them for another favor in the future, they would agree. T/F ? CosmoTM Quiz 1. We form better relationships with people if they are as accomplished in the same domains as we are. T/F ? CosmoTM Quiz 1. Opposites attract. T/F ? CosmoTM Quiz 1. The greater the cohesiveness or solidarity of a group, the better its decisions will be. T/F ? CosmoTM Quiz 1. Our ability to know the causes of our own emotions is so limited that when we are aroused because of physical exercise, we may misinterpret that arousal as a sign that we are romantically attracted to someone nearby. T/F ? CosmoTM Quiz 1. Very wealthy people (e.g., lottery winners) are happier than most other people. T/F ? CosmoTM Quiz 1. Parental disapproval for a relationship (e.g., Romeo and Juliet) increases the chance that the partners will stay together. T/F ? CosmoTM Quiz 1. "Putting on a happy face" (i.e., smiling when you are really not happy) will not make you feel more positive. T/F ? CosmoTM Quiz 1. Believing that bad things happen to other people more than they happen to you is actually associated with better health and wellbeing. T/F ? What is Social Psychology? Social psychologists are interested in how people's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by the real or imagined presence of other people. Current Topics in Social Psychology Do people with firm handshakes really make better first impressions on others? What happens when we imagine "what might have been" in various situations? Can our attitudes be affected by information we don't even notice? Have gender stereotypes changed in recent years? Do we prefer as romantic partners people who view us favorably or people who see us for ourselves? What is jealousy? What are its major causes? How can we get other people to say "yes" to our requests? Is there such a thing as "pure altruism"helping others without expecting anything in return? Does heat really increase aggression? Do people accomplish more working alone or together? Is justice really blind, or are jurors influenced by the race, gender, and physical appearance of persons on trial? Introductory Social Psychology Textbooks Number of Social Psychology Textbooks Published 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Total Psychologists Sociologists 1908 1916 1925 1932 1941 1948 1957 1964 1973 1980 Folk Wisdom "Don't bite the hand that feeds you." "Absence makes the heart grow fonder." "Great minds think alike." "If 50 million people say a stupid thing, it's still a stupid thing." Anatole France "A witty saying proves nothing." Voltaire Conventional wisdomor any theory about human behavior, must be weighed against evidence. The Experimental Method Random Sampling Generalizability Random Assignment Demand Independent Variable Characteristics Dependent Variable Halo Effects Confounding Internal Validity External Validity ...
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