exam 1 study guide

exam 1 study guide - Mesopotamia In fertile crescent...

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Mesopotamia In fertile crescent between Tigris and Euphrates rivers Populations based on city-states Different groups of people invaded the region and lived there throughout history o Babylonians, Assyrians, Chaldeans, Persians Ziggurat Important element of Babylonian culture "House of the city god" Similar structure to a pyramid, but not primarily used as a tomb Pharaoh Egyptian ruler Seen as a living god Believed the Pharaoh was a descendent or reincarnation of the god Horus Isis and Osiris Mythical Egyptian gods: husband and wife, Set kills Osiris and cuts up his body, Isis bathes body parts in the Nile and result is their son, Horus Message: Nile regenerates things Myth reveals the river's importance to Egyptian society Sparta Greek city-state Conquered neighboring poleis and made captives their slaves Adopted militaristic structure to control slave uprisings Minimal democratic elements – loyalty and patriotism above all Athens Greek city-state Epitomized Hellenistic values Democratic Home of Aristotle, Plato, and Socrates Extremely different from Sparta
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Controlled the sea Nicaea To resolve Arius’s dispute over the nature of Christ. Held in response to heresies to the early church Nicene creed Defines Jesus as begotten not made Anyone who denied the creed was excommunicated Persia A Powerful set of people that conquered Greece in the mid 6 th century When Athens and the city states rebelled it started the Persian wars Greek city states formed the Delian league and made Athens the most powerful city state Marathon Major Athenian victory of Persian wars Athens was outnumbered by Persia but outsmarted them and won the battle Athens asked for Spartan reinforcements but they denied because of religious festivities. Pax Romana
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This note was uploaded on 10/06/2008 for the course ECON 190 taught by Professor Belasen during the Spring '08 term at Saint Louis.

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exam 1 study guide - Mesopotamia In fertile crescent...

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