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Mumford Jacqueline Mumford, UF ID: 6665-2786Professor StaffordPOS 3606 10 February 2017Except as Punishment of CrimeThe Constitution of the United States, under the provisions of the Thirteenth Amendment, abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime (amend. XIII, sec. I). Many Americans are unware of the latter half of this section, led to believe that the Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery and that is it. American history in this country is not taught in a way that explains the flaws and loopholes in the system created by former lawmakers and leaders with hate ingrained into their core values. Rather, the history of this country is relayed in a one-sided manner, only showcasing what the government is proud of, and masking the racial inequality that still plagues this nation. The documentary 13th, directed by Ana DuVernay, analyzes the risingrate of incarceration and the alarming number of African Americans victimized by post-Civil War legislation and its backlash. The documentary also puts an emphasis on the rights, or lack thereof, of the accused in the United States. The backlash African Americans faced after the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment was unbeknown to me before my viewing of 13th.After the Civil War, African Americans were arrested in massive amounts as a way for the white males of the country to get around the freeing of slaves and acceptance, by the Constitution, of 1
Mumford African Americans as citizens and human beings. African Americans during this time period were arrested for the most minor of offenses, which in turn allowed them to be exploited and dehumanized once again, but this time under the term “inmate labor,”