!!!!!!!!!!!!!%.docx - 1 On Abdul Razak Ali Artan carried...

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1 On November 28, 2016, Abdul Razak Ali Artan carried out an attack on Ohio State Uni- versity s campus. His attack involved the injury of 11 individuals by hitting them with his car and attacking them with a knife. Witnesses and victims stated that Artan never spoke. Upon fur- ther investigation into Artan s life, law enforcement found that he was a refugee from Somalia and came to the United States in 2014 (Grinberg, 2016). He posted several negative comments on his Facebook about Americans and the torture that his people, Muslims, have suffered. Artan stated I am sick and tired of seeing my fellow Muslim Brothers and Sisters being killed and tor- tured EVERYWHERE .I can t take it anymore (Grinberg, 2016). He also stated that he wanted Americans to stop interfering with Muslim groups and make peace with them because they are not weak. Artan said that they will stop carrying out lone wolf attacks when this happens. It is clear that Artan held several very strong beliefs about Americans and attitudes towards the per- ceived abuse on Muslim. All of which lead to the physical attacks he committed on Ohio State s campus. Artan s attitudes toward Americans would be categorized as non-criterial beliefs. Through his statements he implies that Americans will not make peace with Muslims and believe that Muslims are weak. While this may be true to some Americans, it is not true to all. His feel- ings that Muslims are being abused, that Americans need to stop getting involved in other coun- tries business fulfills the affective component of his attitudes. Lastly, Artan s attack on Ohio State s campus fulfills the conative component of his attitudes. Artan s attitudes most likely de- veloped by being a member of his reference group, Muslims. He referred to his time in Somalia and Myanmar where he saw Muslim people s rights be taken by away and abuse by the dictator- ship. The animosity towards anyone who abuses Muslims has most likely risen from his mem-
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2 bership of the Muslim community. Artan s attitudes about Americans served the Object Appraisal Function and Social Adjustment Function. According to the Object Appraisal Function, his atti- tudes about Americans helped him to assess and size up the atmosphere of Ohio State s campus, thus bringing about those negative feelings. According to Social Adjustment Function, Artan s at- titudes about Americans allowed him to separate himself from Americans and claim a social identity as a Muslim. All of these attitudes definitely helped Artan carry out the violent attacks, but there are still more reasons why he was able to commit such acts. These attitudes Artan held about Ameri- cans were made more easily accessible because of how the media portrays Muslims. Artan stated that he did not like to pray in open places on campus because of how the media displayed Mus- lims and that he was not like that (Grinberg, 2016). With all that had been occurring prior to the attack on Ohio State
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