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Lec002_studnotes - Characterization of Crime and Justice in...

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Characterization of Crime and Justice in the United States (Review) = crime; public policy; cj as dicipline Types of crimes = general; specific types Theoretical frameworks (why some are defined ‘criminal’ others not)
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I. How much crime is there? =compared to other countries? =overall: victimizations had declined, crime rates have tapered off (violent, property crimes)
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II. Sources of crime data 1) Uniform Crime Reports collected by the FBI reported by about approx 16,000 city, county & state law enforcement agencies (policing 97% of population) crimes reported to the police
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-Limitations of the UCR: a). crimes "known to the police" - Estimated 50% not reported - “dark figure of crime” b). influenced by where the police are deployed c). More info. On part I offenses, not much information on part II d) nature of counting crimes - “hierarchy rule”
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2). National Crime Victimization Surveys (NCVS) (1972) victimization patterns in the U.S. survey of 49,000 households (national probability sample) Ask about index offenses (same as in UCR) No homicide or arson people interviewed 2x a year, on victimization 6 months prior to interview **GAP between UCR AND NCVS - More reported in NCVS *50% of violent *2/3 more for other crimes
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3) National Incident-based reporting systems (NIBRS) more comprehensive than the UCR covers more offenses more complete detail about the incident, victims, offenders not widely used yet
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III. Criminal Behavior
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