Lec003_CS_Ch03_v2__studnotes

Lec003_CS_Ch03_v2__studnotes - The Goals of Criminal...

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Unformatted text preview: The Goals of Criminal Justice Do Justice : basis for rules, procedures, institutions Three principles of doing justice: Hold offenders accountable Protect the rights of those that have contact with the system Rights of individuals vs. power of the state Like offenses will be treated alike: take into account relevent differences among offenders and offenses The Criminal Justice System Controlling Crime Arrest, Prosecute, Convict Criminal law defines what is illegal; outlines rights of citizens; procedures officials must follow to achieve system’s goals Preventing crime Deterrent effect of police, courts, and corrections Prevention programs (DARE, treatment/vocational programs) The Criminal Justice System Federalism: a national and state governments. Two Justice Systems Both (national and state) Enforce laws Try criminal cases Punish offenders Criminal Justice in a Federal System Federal System: Expansion of Federal Involvement Since 1960s federal government has expanded its role More active in legislation Expanded federal law enforcement Widened scope of federal courts Built more federal prisons President’s Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice (1967) FBI assists in local investigations Increased interagency cooperation after September 11, 2001 Criminal Justice in a Federal System The System Perspective...
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Lec003_CS_Ch03_v2__studnotes - The Goals of Criminal...

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