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Joshua Farmer – HIS-113 – SEPT 2011 – Writing Assignment 1.1 Discuss the European motives for expansion and colonization in the New World. Then describe the different colonial transplantations that occurred in Virginia, Maryland, and Massachusetts Bay. What were the major sources of friction between the Indians and the English in Virginia and Massachusetts Bay? From 1492 to the late 1600s, the landscape of the Americas changed drastically. The European motives for expansion and colonization in the New World varied from population overgrowth, increased trade, treasure, or religion. England took three notable base colonies in North America in the early 1600s: Virginia, Maryland, and Massachusetts Bay. They were all very different. Indians played a pivotal role in each colonies founding and life.In general, populations in Europe were booming in the fifteenth century. As areas became over populated, people began to see colonization as a way to “create new markets,””alleviate poverty and unemployment.” (Brinkley, p.27) This increase in numbers resulted in an increase in land value and prosperity throughout Europe. As commerce expanded, new markets, products and trade routes were established. New advances in ship building and navigation allowed for more trade. Along with the rise in trade, new united and powerful governments were created. Rulers joined their powers and wealth together and formed centralized nation-states. (Brinkley, p.12) This makes sense in a big picture perspective. Kings and queens became richer with more people to rule and collect taxes from. More importing and trading was required with a larger population. The higher demands in markets had more people looking across the Atlantic Ocean for an easier trade route to the East.