history 101 response 8

history 101 response 8 - Michael Joyce History 101 4.11.08...

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Michael Joyce History 101 4.11.08 Nineteenth Century Intellectuals The nineteenth-century thinkers such as Charles Darwin, Friedrich Nietzsche, Gustave Le Bon, and Sigmund Freud each had their own new opinions that differed from the original principles outlined by the Enlightenment movement. Charles Darwin introduces a new idea of evolution, and how all life originated from one thing. Friedrich Nietzsche explains that all beings want power, and not just to live. These new ideas challenge the previous ideas set forth by the Enlightenment movement. Charles Darwin’s idea of evolution that he writes about in his publication The Origin of Species, is a controversial idea of its time because it challenges the beliefs of many people’s religions. Darwin provides examples from his trip to the Galapagos Islands of other species adapting to their environments through natural selection. He explains that the strong survive and the weak perish. By observing different birds, he realizes that their beaks evolve to suit their environments and that no two birds are alike. These ideas that a species can actually adapt are challenging to their time period because
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history 101 response 8 - Michael Joyce History 101 4.11.08...

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