PoSc 301 State and Local Gov Notes Chap 3

PoSc 301 State and Local Gov Notes Chap 3 - Notes Chap 3...

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Notes Chap 3 Constitutions represent the fundamental law of a state Fundamental Law- the basic legal and political document of a state, prescribed the rules through which a government operates The us has a system of duel constitutionalism Thomas Hooker set up the Fundamental orders of 1639 The first constitutions were controlled by an aristocracy After dealing with the British the US wanted to have legislative supremacy - the legislatures dominance over the other two branches of government The constitutions admitted to the union from the states in the early 1800’s contributed to stronger executive powers Broader social and economic factors in the US brought about constitutional change, such as suffrage, corporate America, civil war, and reconstruction Constitutional change after reconstruction was driven by the populoaist and progressive reform movements. State constitutions are much easier to amend than the federal constitution A statute can be changed by simple legislative majority, a constitutional change requires an extraordinary majority, usually two thirds or three fourths of the legislature. The requirement hampers the legislatures abilitiy to confront problems quickly and makes policy changes more
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PoSc 301 State and Local Gov Notes Chap 3 - Notes Chap 3...

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