PoSc 301 State and Local Gov Notes Chap 4

PoSc 301 State and Local Gov Notes Chap 4 - Notes Chap 4...

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Notes Chap 4 Participation – actions through which ordinary members of a political system attempt to influence decisions. Voting is the most common form of participation Voting is an example of loyalty – a passive but constructive response to government action Voice – is an active constructive response to government There are two types of reactions to government 1. Constructive a. Active i. Voice b. Passive i. Loyalty 2. Destructive a. Active i. Exit b. Passive i. Neglect Socioeconomic status is one explanation for nonparticipation in government Institutional Features may suppress participation- Ex. Partisan vs. non partisan elections Free-rider – a person who enjoys the benefit of a public good without bearing the cost Social Capital – a dense network of reciprocal social relations that promotes greater civic engagement The 19 th amendment allowed women to vote Smith v. Allwright – outlawed white primaries The voting rights act of 1965 - the law that effectively enfranchised racial minorities by giving the national government the power to decide whether individuals are qualified to vote and to intercede in state and local electoral operations when necessary Factors that affect voter turnout
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PoSc 301 State and Local Gov Notes Chap 4 - Notes Chap 4...

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