Early Islam

Early Islam - Early Islam Rightly Guided Caliphs (632-661)...

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Early Islam Rightly Guided Caliphs (632-661) o Abu Bakr (632-34) Restore treaties with Arab tribes o Umar (634-44) Outside expansion Arab , not Muslim focus Issues for success of expansion o Western Expansion Major Christian powers fighting for over 120 years Lower taxes with Arabs Peace with Arabs Freedom of Religion Issues with Religion Jews second class and restricted by Christians Split in Christianity – How is Jesus God and Man? o Orthodox Both God and Man o Monophysite/Coptic (Antioch to Egypt) Both Divine o Nestorian Both man o Eastern Expansion
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Persian Empire Zoroastrian Rising tensions between Arab and non-Arab Muslims (Book of Acts – Jews vs. Christians) Killed by a slave (Christian) o Uthman (644-56) Persia fully conquered, Byzantine fleet defeated Definitive edition of Quran issues Nepotism and corruption Killed by Egyptian mutineers o Ali (656-61) Son-in-Law and cousin to Muhammad
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This document was uploaded on 10/07/2008.

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Early Islam - Early Islam Rightly Guided Caliphs (632-661)...

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