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Unformatted text preview: 19 th Century Reform I. Abdul Mejid (1839-61) a. Tanzimat Reform i. 1839 Noble Rescript of the Rose Chamber 1. Federal tax collections and rates 2. State funding for education 3. Central Bank (federal) a. Guarantee currency 4. Infrastructure a. Physical and monetary 5. Industrial push a. Loans for start of factories 6. Stronger central government a. Firm control over governors ii. Reactions and Issues with Reform 1. People disliked stronger central government a. Disliked tax reform 2. Economic reforms fail a. Huge concessions to foreign powers vs. high domestic taxes b. Demolish monopolies and establish free trade i. Lose another revenue stream b. Loans 1851 c. Crimean War 1853-56 i. Ottoman/France/Britain vs. Russia ii. More financial aid iii. More concessions demanded d. Imperial Rescript 1856 i. Overhaul legal system (British/French models) 1. All subjects are equal before the law (Common Law) a. Undermines Millet system b. Secular, foreign system (Christian laws British/French)b....
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