Class Notes Exam 2

Class Notes Exam 2 - September 29, 2008 Difficulties in the...

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September 29, 2008 Difficulties in the Study of Native American Religions 1. Beliefs died in massacres 2. Secrecy of some practices a. Legal issues b. Maintain identity 3. Inaccurate reporting a. Interviewee’s give false information 4. “Noble Savage” concept (Romanticism) How Native American Religions are like Other Animistic Societies 1. Three levels of spirit beings a. Supreme god b. Nature gods c. Ancestral spirits 2. Totemism 3. Sacred Objects (fetishes) 4. Vision Quest 5. Shamans How does a Totemic System Function to Control a People? 1. Controls job distribution 2. Controls food distribution 3. Controls marriage partner selections 4. Controls property distribution 5. Controls status achieved by ceremonies and gift giving Common traits of Native American traditional religions 1. Awareness of a supreme being 2. Primary focus on nature, agriculture and ancestral spirits
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3. Shamanic healings 4. Totemism (religious nature of clans) 5. Use of sacred objects (magic?) 6. Shamanic vision quests (“the Shamanic journey”)
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Class Notes Exam 2 - September 29, 2008 Difficulties in the...

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