Geography Study Guide

Geography Study Guide - Final Exam Study Guide I. India and...

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Final Exam Study Guide 13/04/2007 15:46:00 I.  India and the Indian Perimeter Centripetal/Centrifugal forces o Centripetal forces Hinduism Radicalism (urban, youth) Government Largest federated state Leaders   Gandhi, up to today Transportation o Centrifugal The Caste System Illegal but still engrained in religious society Traditional farming methods Doubling Time     Population size o South Asia: 1,485,500,000
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India: 1,123,900,000 Almost surpassing China Bangladesh: 147,300,000 Pakistan:  166,900,000 India—Indus—Cultural Hearth o The Indus River Arts and trade routes emerged from isolated tribes and villages  Physiological density:   number of people per square mile of arable land o India—1,707.1 o U.S.A.—447.6 o Bangladesh—3,913.7 Caste Rankings o Brahmins (Priests and elite) o Kshatriya (warriors, rulers) o Vaishyas (artisans, merchants, farmers) o Shudra (laborers, servants) o The Untouchables (not even included in the caste system) Religions o India – 83% Hindu; 11% Islamic; 6% other o Pakistan – 97% Islamic; 3% other o Bangladesh – 83% Islamic; 16% Hindu; 1% other
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o Hinduism Not just a religion An intricate web of religions, philosophical, social, economic,  and artistic elements No common creed No single doctrine No direct divine revelation No rigid narrow moral code Three major tenets Reincarnation Every living thing has a soul When a living thing dies, its soul moves into  another living creature Souls are reborn in a newly created life Karma Every action brings about certain results There is no escaping the consequences of one’s  actions Good behavior is rewarded when the soul is  reborn into a higher ranking living creature Dharma A set of rules that must be followed by all living  things if they wish to work their way up the ladder 
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Geography Study Guide - Final Exam Study Guide I. India and...

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