CA Reading Notes

CA Reading Notes - Living in a Global World 17:25:00 ←...

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Unformatted text preview: Living in a Global World 27/01/2007 17:25:00 ← Cultural Minorities: members of ethnic or cultural groups who have become minorities in their native lands due to migrations of other peoples into their territories or due to the historical configuration of a nation-state made up of diverse groups ← ← Migration • Rural-to-Urban Migration o Labor Migration: migration of people from one area of a country to another or across national borders in search of jobs • Transnational Migration ← Ethnogenesis and Ethnic Identities • Tribalization: a process of identification with one’s tribal origins • Transnationalism: process by which immigrants maintain social, economic, religious, and political ties to both their immigrant communities and their communities back home • Nationalism and Pluralism o Islamization: the process of imposing Islamic religion and associated cultural values within a nation to foster cultural uniformity • Genocide? The Case of Rwanda • Reactions against Pluralism • Globalization and Cultural Identities • A Global Identity? o Global Identity: an identity of shared interests, practices, and values across international borders, uniting people worldwide ← Cultural Minorities in a Global World • United States and Canada • Mexico and Indigenismo • Brazil and the “Indian Problem” o Operation Amazonia o Yanomami at risk o Brazil’s “Urban Indians” • Costs of Economic Development in Ecuador and Bolivia • Developments in Africa o Sudan and the Dinka o Kenya and Tanzania: The Maasai and the Barabaig o Nigeria and the Ogoni ← Legal Rights and International Recognition • Customary international law: traditional practices of dispute and conflict resolution, involving mechanisms for mediation and negotiation and principles for punishment or restoration of community relations ← Ecotourism and Indigenous Lands • Ecotourism: visiting wildlife sanctuaries and national parks in order to enjoy a more pristine environment than found in urban life Chapter 1 – Why Study Anthropology? ← Anthropology: the study of humanity, from its origins thousands of years ago to its current worldwide diversity ← Societies: populations of people living in organized groups with social institutions and expectations of behavior ← Culture: the learned values, beliefs, and rules of conduct shared to some extent by the members of a society that govern their behavior with one another • Symbolic culture: the ideas people have about themselves, other, and the world, and the ways that people express these ideas • Material culture: the tools people make and use, the clothing and...
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CA Reading Notes - Living in a Global World 17:25:00 ←...

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